Make Your Own “Lava Lamp” Science Experiment

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I love science experiments about density and making your own “lava lamp” is no different! No, it doesn’t light up like a real lava lamp, but you can create the same “bubbled” effect in just 4 easy steps and really let kids see a hands-on visual method for understanding density even further.

Make Your Own Laval Lamp Science Experiment

I have done this experiment both at home with my children and in a 2nd grade classroom. It is a little pricey to do in a larger classroom setting so if you need a cost effective experiment with similar results check out our Lava Science Experiment in a Bowl or use the tiny sized water bottles.

Lava Lamp Science Experiment Ingredients:

  • vegetable oil

  • water

  • empty plastic bottle

  • food coloring

  • Alka-seltzer

Make Your Own "Lava Lamp" Science Experiment

Step 1. – Pour the oil into your empty plastic bottle, about 2/3 full.

Make Your Own "Lava Lamp" Science Experiment

Step 2 – Pour a few inches of water in, but leaving empty room at the top.

Make Your Own "Lava Lamp" Science Experiment

Step 3 – Add food coloring! I usually give it one good squeeze.

(Note – you can mix colors but as you see ours below it can get quite murky!)

Make Your Own "Lava Lamp" Science Experiment

Step 4 – Add 2 Alka Seltzers in per bottle. (1 Alka Seltzer is OK if you’re on a budget) 

***NOTE*** Do NOT put the lid on while the Alka Seltzer is in the bottle while you’re at this step. You will explode your bottle! Wait until it COMPLETELY stops bubbling if you must close it.


Make Your Own "Lava Lamp" Science Experiment

Pretty cool huh? My kids, being boys of course, love mixing colors to make weird funky purplish brown shades as you can see above! When your Alka Seltzer is finished “bubbling” you can screw the lid back in place and keep it for later!

Just re-add 1 or 2 Alka Seltzer tablets when you want your bottle to look like a lava lamp again!

Make Your Own "Lava Lamp" Science Experiment

Lava Lamp Science Experiment Discussion Points

1. Why don’t the oil & water mix?

Because the oil is less dense than water so it floats to the top. The molecules in water are more tightly packed together than in the oil causing it to have a higher density.

2. Why doesn’t the food coloring mix with the oil?

Food coloring is water based thus it won’t mix with oil because it is more dense. The food coloring sinks to the bottom and mixes with the layer of water.

3. Why does the Alka-Seltzer cause the water to rise?

In short the Alka-Seltzer produces carbon dioxide, a gas, which bubbles in the layer of water. As the bubbles rise it carries the water up in into the layer of oil. The oil and water don’t mix so the water beads together into a “bubble” as it travels through the oil.

BUY Your OWN Lava Lamp and let your kids compare the difference to their homemade one!

Lava Science Experiment in a Bowl

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  1. Awesome experiment! Thanks for sharing!!!

  2. We make wave bottles like that, using baby oil, water, blue food coloring, and glitter. Not as cool as the lava lamp, but soothing to tilt it from side to side and watch the wave. I glue down the lid so it can’t be opened. 🙂

  3. jelin ramires says:

    dose it really work

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